What does it mean for the world that the Syrian government allying with their Chinese and Russian counterparts?

What does it mean for the world that the Syrian government allying with their Chinese and Russian counterparts? 

[1] Map of the countries where the Arab Spring Revolution of which toppled dictatorship, favouring a more equal and democratic government in each respective country. Can Syria be next?

With the global quest of achieving human rights and pro-democratic forms of government, Syria poses a great question to the world: “Can the Arab Spring Revolution topple another authoritarian and dictator-led government, ultimately making the local people more inclined to have better treatment?” With the vetoing of both Syria’s main and potent allies, China and Russia, this question is very much in the balance for the world. The positive and negative effects that the Syrian alliance to its Chinese and Russian counterparts will be considered in this analysis here. As always, constructive comments on how I can improve or positive views in general are welcome.

Syria, like so many Arab countries, be it Libya, Tunisia, Egypt as main Arabic revolutionary countries that saw their respective leaders’ long-term reigns topple, saw their own people fight for democracy and liberty over an extremely repressive, war-torn and corrupt Syrian government and society under the authoritarian or ‘iron-fist’ rule by President Bashar al-Assad. This is significant, because despite the best efforts of peaceful protestors and anti-Assad rebels against the Syrian government, this symbolises how dictatorship and authoritarian governments are not completely removed from the world.

Before we analyse in detail about the effects of the Sino-Russian alliance with Syria on the world, it is fundamental that we understand more about the vetoing act that both countries have done. It has to be understood that both Russia and China have very apt veto rights and power on the world stage, and as as part of the United Nations’ Security Council. [2] Though Britain’s role as protagonist to secure Russia, key diplomatic ally to Syria, to veto against Assad and his regime, effectively halting the violence, the leader’s deployment of troops and use of heavy weapons for good and imminently as well. [2] According to statistics, eleven out of the total 15 countries have voted in favour to stop the violence in Syria, only two have pulled out, those being the Sino-Russian governments. [2]

Additionally, the British ambassador to the United Nations, Sir Mark Lyall-Grant has slammed the Sino-Russian vetoing, by saying:
“Russia and China are failing in their responsibilities as permanent members, they are failing the people of Syria … The effect of their actions is to protect a brutal regime. They have chosen to put their national interests ahead of the lives of millions of Syrians. The consequence of their decision is further descent into bloodshed and all out civil war”. [2]
The main question that one may have been asking themselves is why the refusal of these two powerhouses, and why are they letting this regime continue? The simple reason is that neither the governments in Beijing or Moscow are willing to support for toppling another authoritarian or dictator regimes, unlike the rest of the world. [2] As a matter of fact, the two governments believe that the balance of power among the nations vetoing against Assad, is ineffective to improve the dire situation in Syria at the moment, and it could even trigger worse results than expected. [2] Some might consider the conscious approach as legitimate, as Sir Lyall-Grant, together with many other nations and diplomats, think the vetoing could be a two-way street: either a decrease in violence and death toll, or simply a Syrian civil war. [2] For those interested more on this topic, I do recommend the second source or site I have given in the references.
According to the educational newspaper site Neontommy, President Bashar al-Assad cannot be easily stopped with Russia and China being Syria’s two major trade partners and supporters of his authoritarian regime. [3] Recently, Hilary Clinton, the American secretary of state has had a meeting in Paris with over 100 nations of the world to discuss how to impose sanctions of Russia and China, as a way of punishment or simply to “pay the price” for supporting Assad’s reign as Syria’s dictator, but more importantly,the ongoing augmentation of deaths in the Middle Eastern country. [3]

Furthermore, according to the British newspaper Dailymail, with the Sino-Russian alliance with Syria underway, French President François Hollande wants stricter sanctions against the Syrian regime, as the general view was that by not imposing any sanctions, the killings would only continue to cause chaos and destruction to an already war-torn nation. [4] Consequently, Great Britain, France, the European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN) increased their support for rebels by sending more weapons. However, with the sanctions unable to fall through and be successfully imposed because of China’s vetoing of the case, and despite their best collaborative efforts, this did not sway away from the fact that approximately 15,000 people have been murdered in around a year and a half period. [4] To make matters worse, there has recently been Iraqi terrorists crossing the Iraqi-Syrian border to diffuse and quell the anti-Assad rebel forces, which only added to the perpetual fear and desperation sentiment felt across Syria and the world. [4]

Moreover, apparently from the online news site Turkish Weekly, the Sino-Russian alliance with Syria causes a stall in diplomacy decision-making, causing more and more casualties, ever increasing the death toll. Recently, there has been 200 civilians dying in Tremseh (a city located in the north-west part of Syria). [5] Despite UN’s best efforts to stop the Syrian regime with General Mood ready to send UN troops to the province of Hama, Catherine Ashton, the EU’s elite representative, stated of her contempt towards the continuous killings: “Those responsible need to be identified in order to hold them accountable for their heinous acts. There can be no impunity for the perpetrators of these alleged human rights violations.” [5] Speaking of which, Abdel Rahman, the executive of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has stated that 30 bodies that have been found in Tremseh have been discovered to be burnt, in which 18 bodies had gunshots to the eye and head areas, most of whom were the Syrian rebels against Assad’s regime. [5]

With the perpetual aggression shown Assad’s supporters, Sheikh Hamad, Qatar’s Prime Minister has recently claimed that the Arab league has encouraged the rebel army in Syria to “transitional government” [6]. Relating to the topic, Hamad said in a meeting with other Arab League countries that “we call on the opposition and the Free Syrian Army to form a government of national unity”. According to the South China Morning Post, Hamad also “urged Assad to take the ‘courageous’ decision to save his country, where fierce fighting continued to rage between government troops and rebels.” [6]

In conclusion, with the lack of progress on the situation, the massacre will only continue to worsen. In spite of the best efforts by different powerful institutions, namely the EU, the UN or the Arab League, Syria is still holding onto its regime with an iron fist under Assad, especially with the pivotal and conscious stance taken by the Sino-Russian alliance to Syria. More strikingly and to make matters worse, the Syrian government has recently claimed that it would not hesitate to use violence in case of foreign intervention imposed on its regime, with the Syrian foreign minister, Walid al Muallem proclaiming that “Syria will not use any chemical or other unconventional weapons against its civilians, and will only use them in case of external aggression”. [6]
The present regime process does not only mean violence and much discussion, precaution needs to be taken at any point of the rebels’ victory. The Israelite government has recently showed their fear towards Assad’s regime and the chaos that would follow Syria’s dictatorship rule, which would only equate to Israel’s political adversaries to use Syria’s chemical weapons. Thus, Israel, another country, would need to assert military intervention to avoid this cause. [6]  Evidently, this is a very complex situation with so many questions and possible consequences to consider attentively, and with many attempts by the EU, UN and the Arab League to try and prevent Assad to continue, the question still looms, can Syria really be next to topple its dictatorship rule?

Stay tuned, with more political and historical articles to come from me. (It is simply the copious amount of research that needs the fitting in!) Hope you enjoyed your read on my blog though! (:

[1] http://warrenlarson.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/arab-spring4.png
[2] http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/charlescrawford/100172018/syria-by-using-their-veto-russia-and-china-are-following-the-example-of-margaret-thatcher/
[3] http://www.neontommy.com/news/2012/07/clinton-tells-china-russia-syrian-allies-will-pay-price
[4] http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2169619/Syria-news-Hague-tells-world-leaders-failing-impose-sanctions-Assad-allows-brutal-regime.html
[5] http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/138385/syrian-regime-deliberately-murdered-civilians-hillary-clinton-.html
[6] South China Morning Post, July 24th 2012, World News, Page A9


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